I served in the submarine service from 1961 - 1981. During this time I commanded a diesel-powered submarine HMS Alliance, was Executive Officer (& temporarily in command twice) of the Polaris submarine HMS Repulse, Teacher (CO) of the submarine CO's Command Course (Perisher) and commanded a nuclear-powered attack submarine HMS Sceptre.

To know more about what we were engaged in underwater in the Cold War, view this Power Point Presentation

I left the Navy in 1981 to seek broader horizons and worked in industry for over 20 years. Unconstrained by naval discipline and conformity, this broadened my perspective



 HMS Repulse - test firing Florida 1973

No First Use 

The failure of US/UK intelligence to anticipate the Taliban’s rapid take-over of Afghanistan is a humanitarian disaster. Following similar failures of intelligence in Iraq (2003) and again in Libya post the 2011 uprising, it is a cause for considerably more concern than meets the eye. The UK policy of ‘deliberate ambiguity’ for the use of Trident nuclear weapons announced in the recent Integrated Defence Review (Global Britain in a Competitive Age) espouses the first use of nuclear weapons to pre-empt any perceived - i.e. intelligence based - existential threat to UK interests at home or overseas.  While UK/US clearly needs to up their intelligence games, they also need to recognise the underlying fallibility of intelligence and abandon any suggestion of First Use (ideally any use) of nuclear weapons. The consequences of nuclear weapons fired in error would be unimaginable.

My contribution to an international seminar on No First Use held in July 2021 can be found HERE. Other contributions to the debate can be found on the website of No First Use Global

Speaking of the Unspeakable - Hiroshima 75 years on

In a deeply perceptive article Sean Howard (Professor of Political Science at Cape Breton University) pays tribute to John Hersey's seminal book Hiroshima on the 75th anniversary of its publication in The New Yorker magasine creating a storm in the western world by writing about the (in)human side effects of nuclear weapons. No one really knew what the horrific and long lasting effects of radiation were then - but we do now; and yet studies into the effects of nuclear weapons focus mainly on blast and fire and minimise reference to the real killer radiation.

Why Trident?

Published by Spokesman Books (the publishing arm of The Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation). It is a compendium of my previously published articles together with information from this website and other sources. Click on the cover below to order a copy at the discounted price of £5.99 + £1 pp  and click HERE to read the covering letter From the Author.


Your questions answered

This section contains answers to a number of questions surrounding the UK's use of the Trident nuclear weapon system. 

Still more reading...

...is contained in this section The Archbishop of York's (Stephen Cottrell) address to the Church Synod in July 2018 (when he was still the Bishop Of Chelmsford) is particularly relevant. It made a major contribution to ending years of ambivalence by the Church of England on nuclear weapons.

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